To remove moles, how to do it right and what a nevi is better not to touch?
Many women wonder whether to remove the moles causing aesthetic discomfort and various unwanted symptoms. Because of the fear of rebirth in cancer, some seek to get rid of them, but not all nevi are removed.

A mole on the body or face may not be the only highlight of the women gives a special charm, but also to be a source of discomfort – physical and psychological. When such trouble raises questions about what kind of danger can be a critical education whether to remove the moles that are in the way, and is there to this contraindications.

What are moles and how do they happen?

First of all, we will understand what is nevus, and as a result, some factors appear these formations. Moles (nevi), which may be congenital or acquired, can be detected on the skin and mucous membranes of all body parts. Their structure consists of epidermal or dermal cells and clusters of melanocytes – cells that produce the pigment melanin. Education or are placed at the skin level, or rise above it, they vary in shape and color.

There are several probable reasons for the formation of moles, the main of which are as follows:

  • genetic factor – information about the appearance of pigmented lesions on a particular area of the body can be embedded in DNA, which is why the next of kin is often seen in the presence of the same mole;
  • intense ultraviolet radiation, under the influence of which generates a large amount of melanin;
  • hormonal changes, leading to disruption of melanin synthesis (due to endocrine diseases, pregnancy, puberty, reception gormonoterapii funds and so on);
  • the effects of radiation, x-ray radiation;
  • injury and infection of the skin.

Naevus – types

List and characterize some varieties of moles:

  • Lentigo – flat pigmented spot resembling a freckle, but with a more intense and uniform color;
  • Flat nevi – a small education non-convex, formed between epidermis and dermis, which can have a different color from Nude to black.
  • Complex nevus – education, raised above the skin or mucosal surface, which affects the tissue of the dermis and epidermis and it has a very dark color.
  • Dysplastic nevus – flat or slightly convex spot of irregular shape with indistinct edges and uneven coloring, is larger than one centimeter.
  • Blue nevus – a rounded spot of blue or bluish color, having a dense structure, often appearing on the limbs, face, buttocks.
  • Hanging moles (acrochordon) – the build-up of solid or light brown color, common sites of localization which are the armpits, groin, neck, eyelids.
  • Giant nevi – congenital entity, with a dark color and uneven surface, which appear because of in utero disturbance of the differentiation of the melanoblast.
  • Nevi Sutton – stains in the form of raised nodules, limited to the rim of unpigmented skin.
  • Dangerous moles?

    The question of whether to remove moles, of key importance is given to health hazards which can be fraught with these formations. Definitely say it is dangerous whether or not education on the human body, in most cases it is impossible, as quite unexpectedly, the moles are able to grow and transform. Often, small nevi that are not typical signs of inflammation or malignancy (degeneration of healthy cells into cancer cells), do not affect livelihoods and wellbeing.

    Considered benign formations of up to 6 mm, uniform color, symmetrical shape with smooth edges. But no one is immune from sudden growths of cells initially benign moles, so they must be systematic observation. List than dangerous naevus:

    • the growth to large sizes;
    • the possibility of switching to atypical pre-cancerous form;
    • a transformation in cancer education;
    • when malignancy even when unexpressed external manifestations metastasis throughout the body.

    Aggravating factors modifications in moles dangerous form are:

    • excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation, sunburn;
    • traumatic injury education (especially repetitive);
    • attempts at self-removal (mechanical, chemical methods);
    • removal of hair from moles by means of tweezers.

    Most at risk are the following categories of people:

    • having a large number of moles;
    • having nevi larger than 5 mm;
    • fair-skinned, blond and blue-eyed;
    • close relatives who were diagnosed with malignant moles.

    If flat moles?

    If pigmented nevus is not raised above the skin and is small in size, the probability of degeneration is minimal, provided that with him there is no change. Due to the nature of this form of nevus is low the possibility of damage, accidental injury to, that also is evidence of its relative harmlessness. To minimise all risks, it is recommended not to abuse the sun and regularly inspect existing moles.

    If red moles on the body?

    Your birthmark is red is not a pigmented nevus, a vascular tumor of benign nature, called angiom. This mole is formed because of overgrowth of blood capillaries, it can be a different size from barely discernible flat spots to the vast towering spots. Angioma is very rare transformirovalsya in malignancy, but the risk lies in the possibility of bleeding under mechanical injury.

    Whether the threat hanging moles?

    If an ordinary mole, not protruding above the skin surface, often does not cause any aesthetic problems, the suspension of education often gives women a lot of inconvenience due to appearance. In addition, such growths tend to increase in size and number, which may provoke constant rubbing (clothing, jewelry), accidental damage. Dangerous are the hanging mole located on the neck, in the armpits, on the genitals, because these areas are easier to injure.

    Dangerous if the prominent birthmark?

    When initially a flat mole started to change and become convex, it should be alerted. Not in all cases, this transformation means malignancy education, often small height and elevation above the skin surface is a natural process. However, mutation of the cells are lightning fast, and a mole can quickly turn into melanoma – a cancerous tumor. In appearance an ordinary nevus and melanoma cannot always be reliably determined, and for detecting pathology requires special studies.

    Do I need to remove moles?

    Questions about whether to remove moles and whether to remove moles, should be decided individually, depending on the type of formation, its localization, the existing adverse effects. Most experts agree that the nevi are causing any discomfort and threat in terms of regeneration of malignant tumor, is removed. Existing methods of removing moles rarely cause complications, but if a nevus does not affect the quality of life, to touch it is not necessary.

    What are moles cannot be removed?

    Many women are hesitant to remove moles on the face, if they just do not look very attractive. As a rule, the removal of entities that are not at risk of injury and does not cause physical discomfort, is considered unreasonable, although safe. In this case, you should consider the fact that after removal there may be some adverse effects, including recurrence and scar formation.

    When a mole you want to remove?

    No reflection to consider whether it is possible to remove moles on the body and whether to remove the naevus, should not be in cases where there are disturbing signs that indicate the possible evolution of education into a malignant. Such manifestations include:

    • the sudden appearance of unusual moles in adulthood;
    • itching, pain in the area of the mole;
    • a sudden change in shape, size, color, education;
    • the appearance of inclusions, nodules, veins, the external bezel;
    • flaking, the appearance of cracks on newuse;
    • the loss of hairs from the surface of a mole;
    • bleeding, leucorrhoea.

    How to remove moles?

    Turning to the doctor with the question of whether to remove disturbing moles, the patient is assigned to the examination to determine the nature of education and determine the method of removal. Apply the following techniques:

    • surgical excision with a knife;
    • cryodestruction;
    • electrocoagulation;
    • the radio wave method;
    • laser action.

    It should be noted that not all of these techniques are applicable in cases of suspected cancerous transformation of education. So the question, is it dangerous to remove moles by laser, it is possible to hear an affirmative answer, because, despite the fact that this bloodless technique, it leaves no opportunity to verify the removal of tissue for Oncology. Only surgical removal allows to conduct an audit of education and to resect the suspicious tissue.

     

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