Vitiligo – what is this disease and can it be cured?
Read more about vitiligo – what is this disease and why it occurs. Read about the existing forms of this disease, symptoms and mechanisms of development. Remember the most effective and modern methods of treatment of Leucoderma.

Skin tone, its richness and uniformity depends on the amount of melanin in the cells. This pigment, responsible not only for the color of the epidermis, but the hair, iris. Most people have concentration of melanin is almost the same on all areas of skin, but about 1% of the world population suffers from disorders associated with a reduction in their number.

Vitiligo – what is it?

For an exotic name hides a simple pathology medical definition. Leukoderma, leukodermia or vitiligo is a marked change in pigmentation of the skin. More often it affects dark-skinned and dark-skinned people with brown eyes. The disease vitiligo may debut at any age, but mostly young. The first symptoms of disease are noticed between 10 to 30 years.

Vitiligo – causes

Considering the disease has long been studied by doctors, it was known already in antiquity. Lengthy studies have not yet helped in establishing the nature and origin of vitiligo – what is this disease and why it occurs has not yet been established. There are only conjectural factors that increase the vulnerability of certain people the vitiligo. Vitiligo – causes:

  • autoimmune disorders;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • the deterioration of trophic tissue;
  • hormonal imbalances;
  • diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract;
  • pathology of the thyroid gland;
  • the use of certain medications;
  • stress;
  • intoxication;
  • physical injury;
  • chronic lesions of the internal organs;
  • skin contact with synthetic fabrics;
  • work in hazardous chemical industries;
  • inflammatory or necrotic processes in the dermis;
  • diabetes.

Complications of vitiligo

The disease is not considered a danger to health or human life. Leukodermia is just a skin pigmentation condition, which does not entail serious consequences. Sometimes problems arise only psychological, because people with vitiligo may feel flawed or unlovable because of the uneven color of the epidermis.

In some sources the pathology associated with the following diseases:

  • focal alopecia;
  • scleroderma;
  • chronic disorders of the digestive tract;
  • psoriasis;
  • lichen planus;
  • the deterioration of the liver.

Vitiligo is not able to cause these disorders. This fact is easy to confirm, if to learn more about vitiligo – what is this disease, what are the mechanisms of its development. Pathology can be the result of these ailments, but not to provoke them. Leukodermia only affects the skin and affects the concentration of melanin in its tissues.

Vitiligo – symptoms

The clinical picture presented of illness so specific, that it is diagnosed at the first appointment with a dermatologist. Signs of vitiligo is limited only to the visual manifestations:

  • education on healthy skin milk-white spots;
  • complete discoloration of the hair on the affected areas;
  • the expansion and merging of spots in large pockets;
  • sometimes the arbitrary disappearance of depigmented areas.

Subjective sensations or other symptoms of Leucoderma the person does not have. She may be concerned about how a cosmetic defect, especially women. Failure to comply with the rules of stay in the sun there burns. Skin without normal pigmentation absorbs ultraviolet radiation faster than healthy epidermis. This leads to the fact that it instantly burns.

Forms of vitiligo

There are 3 types of leukoderma, some of them are extremely rare. Below, you can consider the types of vitiligo, photo attached:

  • Generalized form. Discolored areas are located throughout the body. This variant of the disease includes the subtypes – acropetally (spots only on the limbs and face), vulgaris (symmetric depigmentation, not limited to a specific area), mixed (a combination of different types of the disease).
  • Localized form of vitiligo. Spots are formed in certain areas, they are few. Subtypes: focal (discoloration on 1-2 areas), segmental (depigmentation only on one side of the body), mucous (melanin absent in the mouth, on the genitals) vitiligo.
  • Uniform. The rare variant of the disease. Spots vitiligo multiple, tend to merge. The result is a huge discolored areas of the skin, more than 80% of its surface.
  • For proper diagnosis you will need some more information about vitiligo, what is this disease and what is the nature of its flow:

    • stable – spot does not change for a long time;
    • progressive – depigmentation is constantly increasing;
    • unstable – some discolored areas disappear, others appear.

    Another classification involves the division by type of stains:

    • blue – with a matching shade;
    • tricolor – between healthy and depigmented skin is the intermediate zone;
    • four color – spots around the region with a pronounced dark shade;
    • inflamed – discolored border region raised and inflamed.

    Diagnosis of vitiligo

    Leukodermia skin easily detected on examination by a dermatologist due to specific lesions of the epidermis and severe symptoms. Sometimes further investigations are necessary to confirm vitiligo, initial stage of the disease can mimic other pathologies. Tests prescribed for the diagnosis of leukoderma:

    • biochemical examination of blood;
    • histology;
    • a skin biopsy;
    • examination with wood’s lamp.

    Vitiligo treatment

    Due to the lack of sufficient information on the origin and causes of the pathology it is difficult to develop effective therapy. Yet effective methods how to treat vitiligo. The existing options are aimed at alleviating existing symptoms leykodermii, prevention of appearance of new depigmented spots, they merge and spread through the body.

    Is it possible to get rid of vitiligo?

    The answer to this question is negative. To reduce the risk of developing the disease too. Vitiligo is treated for life, with the use of different therapeutic schemes and their periodic adjustment depending on the current condition of the person. In some situations it is possible to achieve stability of stains and give them a color that is close to the normal hue of the epidermis.

    Treatment vitiligo – medication

    Selection of medicines is carried out only by a qualified dermatologist. The scheme depends on information received about the specific case of vitiligo – what is this disease, what form it occurs, is prone to progression and inflammation spots. Treatment may include:

  • Antioxidants. These include vitamins, enzymes, minerals, bioflavonoids, lipids, peptides, and nucleotides. Used drugs – aktovegin, Berlition, Epadel and others.
  • The local funds. After tests on the sensitivity of the selected glucocorticosteroid ointment vitiligo – Elokom, Dermovate, Alcomate and analogues. As an anti-inflammatory medication is recommended Elidel and Protopic.
  • The immunomodulators. To correct production of antibodies against melanin are mainly used interferons.
  • Treatment of vitiligo with ultraviolet light

    The irradiation is performed in two main ways, but for maximum effect it is necessary to take special photosensitizing drugs. They increase sensitivity to UV light:

    • Oxsoralen;
    • Beroksan;
    • Povalen;
    • Lamdin;
    • Psoberan;
    • Amefuri;
    • Methoxsalen;
    • Psoralen and synonyms.

    Leukoderma – treatment “tan”:

  • PUVA-therapy. On depigmented patches applied photoactive substance, after which they are exposed to long-wave ultraviolet light.
  • Narrow-band effects. More gentle, yet effective method. Discolored epidermal layer is irradiated with ultraviolet light with a wavelength of 311 nm.
  • Treatment vitiligo laser

    Consider the option of therapy shows good results is the area of the spots is reduced, terminated their education and the merger. Laser treatment is not the way how to cure vitiligo completely. It must undergo regular courses, cementing the effect. Depending on the area affected, the dermatologist selected the optimal number of sessions.

    Before beginning therapy thoroughly studied form of vitiligo – what kind of skin disease, how it flows, whether inflamed spots. After analyzing the condition of the patient is prescribed a course of treatment of the epidermis fractional laser with a wavelength of from 300 to 380 nm. The beam vaporizes layers of damaged cells, devoid of melanocytes and stimulates the production of normal tissue.

    Treatment of vitiligo folk remedies

    Alternative medicine offers many recipes that are a natural antioxidants. With their help fail to completely eliminate the disease vitiligo, only reduce its severity and slow the development. The simplest way of obtaining antioxidants is the plant-based oils such as black seed or St. John’s wort.

    Vitiligo – treatment of folk remedies from herbs

    Ingredients:

    • spring snowdrop – 2 tbsp. spoon;
    • sage – 2 tbsp. spoon;
    • yarrow – 2 tbsp. spoon;
    • water – 1 l

    Preparation, application

  • Pour 3 tbsp. spoon collection of boiling water.
  • Insist until cool.
  • Strain the solution.
  • To take 6 times a day for 100 ml.
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