Alopecia areata is the most difficult form of hair loss in the treatment plan. Read about the mechanisms and causes of its development, stages of progression and associated symptoms. Find out about existing methods of treatment of this disease.

Baldness is a serious problem, especially among women and adolescents. Alopecia or patchy form of alopecia predominantly affects young people up to 25 years. Due to noticeable hair loss patients suffer from emotional disorders up to severe depression, are independent and social exclusion.

What is alopecia areata?

The above-stated pathology represents one of the types of baldness. It is a chronic disease, with hair loss. The affected areas are rounded and are located on the head and on the body. Alopecia areata is often accompanied by destruction and the other horn cells. The disease is accompanied by thinning and fragility of the nail plate.

Alopecia areata – causes

When this issue die off cells of the root hair structure. Impairs their own protective system of the body. The risk increases if close relatives also diagnosed with alopecia areata – the reasons for the attack of antibodies on the follicle consists in the activation of certain genes. To trigger the launch mechanism could be different external and internal factors.

Alopecia areata in women

The occurrence of the described forms of alopecia similarly for any age and gender. Alopecia areata – an autoimmune disease that is triggered by some combination of genes. Still haven’t found out exactly which sections of DNA are responsible for the inadequate reaction of the body’s defense system to the bulbs. Alopecia hair loss in women – causes, predisposing to pathological process:

  • hormonal imbalance;
  • strong or chronic stress;
  • disorders of the endocrine glands, including a couple of the hypothalamus-pituitary;
  • acute viral damage;
  • chronic infectious disease;
  • disorders of the autonomic system.

Alopecia areata in men

The reasons presented type of baldness in this case is identical to the above factors. Alopecia areata in men is also growing against pathological autoimmune processes increases with the presence of a genetic predisposition. The progression of the disease occurs on the background of aggravation of chronic inflammations of the skin, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract and other ailments.

A direct link between non-specific colitis, and focal alopecia and similar abnormalities, but the infection can provoke the strengthening or renewal of the process of loss of hair. Additionally in men, alopecia baldness is exacerbated by the disturbance of microcirculation:

  • vasospasm;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • the increase in the viscosity of the biological fluid;
  • the decrease in the number of working capillaries.

Alopecia areata in children

At an early age considering the disease is often diagnosed after severe viral infections. The risk of partial baldness increases if types of diarrhea were recorded at the nearest blood relatives. Children constantly exposed to stress or emotional stress, is also affected by this pathology. Sometimes alopecia areata is associated with sudden lifestyle change – starting school, moving, death of a family member and other circumstances. Additional factors contributing to child and adolescent baldness:

  • autoimmune disease;
  • chronic infection;
  • autonomic pathology;
  • a hormonal imbalance (puberty).

Stage of alopecia areata

The clinical picture and rate of the disease depends on its degree. There are 3 stages of problems:

  • Active (progressive). Skin lesions are red, swollen and inflamed. Feels burning and itching, tingling. The patient notices a large number of broken strands. On the borders of the zones of baldness grow cranky hair – with a light pulling they are extracted from the skin, especially noticeable this symptom when progressing alopecia areata on the head. The width of this region reaches 0.3-1 cm Roots look dry and dystrophic.
  • Inpatient (subacute). Inflammation is missing or becomes insignificant. The skin in areas of baldness pale, the zone of “loose” hair disappear.
  • Regressive. Alopecia areata retreats. In the affected areas appear vellus hair. Gradually, they thicken and acquire normal pigmentation.
  • Alopecia areata – treatment

    Not yet developed a common and effective regimens of the disease. Alopecia areata treatment involves individual and complex. Most doctors recognizes that in the fight against alopecia hair loss they act at random and often choose watchful waiting. In many situations, pathology regress on their own, but the risk of relapse always remains high.

    Alopecia areata – clinical guidelines

    The therapy begins with psychological assistance to a person. To the patient it is important to explain the mechanisms of the disease and complexity of treatment, accurate selection of medicines and physiotherapy. You must specify the duration of therapy (minimum 3 months) and the risk of recurrence of baldness after its termination. To stabilize the emotional state and of self-esteem can propose ways of masking the affected areas wearing a wig, tattooing, hair transplant.

    Basic methods on how to cure patchy alopecia:

  • To eliminate the cause of the problem. To stabilize hormones, to stop the inflammation, normalize the functioning of the circulatory system.
  • To adjust the diet. It is important to follow recommendations for healthy eating.
  • To get rid of bad habits. It is advisable to stop Smoking, alcohol and drugs.
  • To organize daily routine, work and rest. The patient needs to sleep properly, exercise.
  • Use physical therapy. In the treatment of alopecia areata apply iono – and phonophoresis, darsonvalization, microcurrents, cryo and paraffin baths. Efficiency has a laser and ultraviolet, ozone and mesotherapy.
  • To accept or topically applied pharmacological agents. Additionally appointed vitamins and herbal.
  • Alopecia areata – drugs

    The most effective method for the treatment of alopecia alopecia is considered to be a course of corticosteroid hormones, which suppress the inappropriate response of the immune system. Such medicines are used in the form of solutions for injection, pills and ointments. Their individual selection, calculation of dosage and duration of therapy deals only with the specialist, especially if diagnosed with severe alopecia areata. Corticosteroids produced a pronounced, but short-term and unstable effect.

    A comprehensive treatment regimen may include the following groups of drugs depending on identified diseases:

    • anti-inflammatory;
    • antibiotics;
    • antiviral;
    • vasodilator;
    • sedative;
    • venotonic;
    • angioprotectors;
    • sorbents;
    • hormonal;
    • antiplatelet;
    • enzymes;
    • antiulcer;
    • immunocorrector and others.

    In the list of basic medical supplies include pharmacological agents:

  • Nootropics. Stimulate the metabolism – Piracetam Phenibut.
  • Direct antihypoxic and neuroprotective agents. Improve tissue nutrition – Solkoseril, Actovegin.
  • Anticoagulants. Prevent the formation of blood clots in small blood vessels and stimulate the regeneration of cells, Verapamil, and Heparin.
  • Contact allergens. Topically irritate the immune system – dietilovyi live squareway acid, Difenilciklopropenon.
  • Often the therapy includes vasodilator antihypertensive drugs. Generalon with alopecia areata and any other analogs of Minoxidil is safe even with prolonged use, but produce a weak effect. Such medications effective for the treatment of androgenic forms of the disease. In gnezdnom they help, but only if loss of hair is insignificant.

    The vitamins of alopecia areata

    These chemical compounds are the primary therapy. Taking vitamins is not considered an effective method how to treat alopecia alopecia, but it helps to improve metabolism and nutrition of tissues. Trichologists prescribe the following complexes:

    • Infantil;
    • Merz;
    • Perfectil;
    • Alerana;
    • Revalid;
    • Pantovigar;
    • Finast and others.

    Alopecia areata – treatment of folk remedies

    All recipes alternative medicine represent irritating drugs. Treatment of alopecia areata folk remedies stimulates hair follicles and a little helps to activate the follicles, but they should be combined with conservative therapy. The easiest options are to RUB into the affected area alcoholic tincture of red pepper, the pulp of shredded raw onion, bodyagi and similar means.

    Recipe therapeutic lotion

    Ingredients:

    • chopped fresh nettle leaves – 5 tablespoons;
    • water – 450 ml;
    • or Apple cider vinegar 2 tbsp.

    Preparation, application

  • Boil the plant material in water for half an hour.
  • To insist to cool the liquid (1 hour).
  • Add the vinegar, mix well.
  • RUB the lotion before bedtime every day for 2 months.
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